96.8 F
Mérida
Tuesday, May 24, 2022
###

Melipona Beecheii: Caring for the sacred Mayan bee

Latest headlines

Pig farm accused of hiding cenotes and filling them in with cement

A pig farm in the municipality of Homún is being accused of filling in and hiding two cenotes from environmental authorities. 

New augmented reality app tells the story of Mérida’s iconic corner plaques

Mérida´s municipal government is launching a new mobile phone application to tell the story of the city’s iconic Centro corner plaques.

Tortas in the Park: Family carries on the tradition for 63 years 

Taqueria Don Beto in Parque Las Américas. Photo: Carlos Rosado van der Gracht Strolling through charming Parque de...

Kankí, the Maya city where the stone eyes of ancient gods burn as hot as the sun

Kankí may be only 10 miles or so from the Mérida-Campeche highway, but feels a world away.
Veronica Garibayhttp://yucatanmagazine.com
Verónica Garibay Saldaña is a Mexican columnist, communications major, and poetry enthusiast. Sign up for the Yucatán Roundup, a free newsletter, which delivers the week's top headlines every Monday.

For the Maya, honey has long been considered a sacred substance. Since antiquity, it has been used for medicinal purposes, in sacred rights, and more recently, as a sweetener. 

The Yucatán Peninsula is known around the world for the quality of its honey, produced by the 17 bee species that live in the Peninsula. Among them is the Melipona Beecheii bee.

Isabella Giussani holding a Melipona Beecheii bee. Photo: Verónica Garibay

The honey of this species, dubbed “the sacred Mayan bee,” is notable for its therapeutic qualities. Also known as the stingless bee, the Melipona beecheii can be differentiated from more common species by its small size and furry-looking body.

Honey production is big in Yucatán, employing around 13,000 beekeepers who mostly work with melliferous bees, who are capable of producing up to 50 kilos of honey per year. In contrast, Beecheii bees produce only about one and a half kilos a year.

Isabella Giussani and photos she’s taken for Melipona Beecheii. Photo: Verónica Garibay

Diana Mendieta has dedicated herself to their conservation since 2014. After researching beekeeping practices in the state, she decided to open an apiary focused on the care of the melipona bee. Great care is afforded to the “meliponarium’s” bees and honey is harvested in a loving and responsible way. Through their care and attention to detail, they produce what the Mayans referred to as the “food of the sun.”

The apiary in Melipona Beecheii. Photo: Verónica Garibay

“We know the benefits that honey provides first hand,” says Diana, “and we want to bring them closer to everyone. We are here to preserve this ancient knowledge and share it with the rest of the world.”

A guardian Melipona Beecheii bee peeking out of her apiary. Photo: Verónica Garibay

Diana’s apiary, Melipona Beecheii, operates from Cholul, in the outskirts of Mérida, and cares for more than 500 bee hives. The Beecheii bee is the most abundant in the meliponarium, but Diana has adopted different species that she cares for as well. Among them are the Trigona fulviventris bee, commonly known as the earth bee, the Euglossa bee, commonly known as the orchid bee, and the scaptotrigona pectoralis bee, known in Mayan as K’an’tsak.

Home of the Trigona fulviventris bee, commonly known as the earth bee. Photo: Verónica Garibay

Isabella Giussani is one of Diana’s children, and she works with her mother as the brand’s photographer and communications director. Instead of focusing on quantity, their intention is to ensure the quality of each product and the wellness of their bees.

“The usual beekeeping practices do not look after the hive,” says Isa. “They are focused on mass production. For us, the most important thing is that the bees are healthy and happy when making their honey. It’s a product they share with us. We take the surplus, but the rest is theirs.”

A Melipona Beecheii bee entering its apiary. Photo: Verónica Garibay

Melipona Beecheii sustains itself through the sales of medicinal products made from honey, pollen and wax. The extraction of the substances is done in a laboratory following pharmaceutical standards. This way, they ensure the purity and safety of the honey, as well as the wellness of the bees.

Some of the apiaries in Melipona Beecheii. Photo: Verónica Garibay

The Giussani Mendieta family lives on the Meliponario site. The garden of the house has plants of all kinds, including tobacco, basil and tamarind. A few meters from the garden’s entrance, a small water stream runs as a fountain for insects.

A stone path leads the way to the beehives. The garden is divided in three parts, with two large kiosks of shelves filled with apiaries, and a painting area in the middle.

Painting space for visitors in Melipona Beecheii. Photo: Verónica Garibay

In the shelves are rows of wooden boxes painted by visitors. Each apiary is inscribed with an intention and a prayer that blesses the entrance and exit of the bees. The painting of the apiaries is offered as a meditative activity one can enjoy in exchange for a small donation.

A guardian Melipona Beecheii bee peeking out of her apiary. Photo: Verónica Garibay

The garden is a contemplative space. Serene music is played to complement the vibration of the bees, and wind instruments ring from time to time. The ambiance is very conducive to mindfulness, an intention they carry to their social media, where they share meditations and reflections on nature.

A few of the 500 beehives in Melipona Beecheii. Photo: Verónica Garibay

Isabella says that visitors often express a desire to contribute to the well-being of the bees. She thinks that the best way to help is through attention to what we consume and personal awareness.

Isabella Giussani holding a Melipona Beecheii bee. Photo: Verónica Garibay

“Being present determines our human experience,” says Isa. “When we are aware that we are part of a whole we make different choices, better ones. What we eat affects the bees, as does how we behave in our everyday lives. If we want to support them, take care of their environment, we have to change the way we live, and that starts with consciousness.”

Learn more about Melipona Beecheii on their website, or on their social networks.

- Advertisement -

Subscribe Now!

More articles

Court sets limits for ‘racist’ immigration checkpoints in Mexico

Mexican soldiers review documents at a Zacatecas checkpoint in March. Photo: Pedro Pardo / AFP via Getty Images

You won’t miss the meat or dairy in these recipes from Yucatán

Vegan, vegetarian and plant-based lifestyles are easy to enjoy, despite living in meat-centric Yucatán.  Now that we’ve listed our...

Yucatán COVID patient 1st to die in 49 days

Coronavirus cases rose steadily in a week that ended with Yucatán's first COVID fatality since April 2. A...

Expats in Mexico face impossible deadline to comply with new tax law

Taxpayers in Mérida wait for their numbers to be called at the SAT office. Photo: File A tax...

What is the Loop Current and how does it affect hurricanes on the Yucatán Peninsula?

A current of warm tropical water is looping unusually far into the Gulf of Mexico for this time of year, with the power to turn tropical storms into monster hurricanes.

Izamal revamps its infrastructure while seeking investment

A walking tour of Izamal includes Mayor Warnel May Escobar and Yucatán Gov. Mauricio Vila Dosal. Photo: Courtesy

Mexico looks to its southern neighbors for investment and international cooperation

Historically Mexico’s economic footprint regarding its neighbors to the south has been negligible at best, aside from a few large corporations such as Banco Azteca and Bimbo. 

Activists in Mérida observe International Day Against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia

Trans pride flag flies over the Monumento a la Patria on Paseo de Montejo. Photo: Courtesy Jornada Maya

The Most Famous Mexican Mathematicians

Photo by Nothing Ahead via Pexels By James Collins The subject of mathematics can be...

Mexico’s COVID-19 vaccine contracts to remain a state secret until 2025

The true cost of Mexico’s COVID-19 vaccination campaign will not be known until well after the next round of federal elections....