Although four other states have larger indigenous populations, Yucatán ranks first in Mexico for infections and deaths among native people.
According to the Ninth Epidemiological Report of 2021, Maya communities in Yucatán accounted for 15.1% of all indigenous cases, followed by Mexico City, 12.6% and Oaxaca, 10.1%.
Of the deaths reported among the indigenous population, 16.5% were concentrated in Yucatan, followed by Oaxaca, 12.5%; Puebla, 8.8%; Mexico City, 8.2% and Hidalgo, 7.6%.
Mexico’s indigenous population is one of the largest in the Americas, comparable only to Peru. More than one in 10 Mexicans speak an indigenous language.
Oaxaca has the most native-language speakers, followed by Chiapas, Veracruz, Puebla and Yucatán. Mexico recognizes 56 indigenous languages that survive today.