The 2022 National Discrimination Survey (Enadis) places women in Yucatán as the most likely to be disenfranchised for their gender.
The problem is rising. In 2017, 20.1% of women reported being victims of discrimination. By 2022, that number reached 24.5%
Respondents said they were discriminated against for their manner of dress (30.6%), weight or height (27.5%), political opinions (24.6%), for simply being a woman (23.7%), their way of speaking (21.6%) or their age (21.4%).
The most common biases were that “the poor make little effort to rise from poverty,” that indigenous people don’t belong in school, and that living with people with HIV or AIDS is always risky.
Other prejudices were that people with disabilities are of little help at work or that sometimes women who are raped are at fault.
In Yucatán, 32.1% reported being a victim of discrimination, followed by Puebla (30.6%), Querétaro (30.5%), and Mexico City (29.6%).
The survey studied 12 distinct groups indigenous peoples, Afro-Mexicans, people with disabilities, migrants, people of religious diversity, older adults, children, domestic workers, adolescents and young people, and women.
“Discrimination has structural effects because they are long-term, they are processes that we have been dragging on for many years, some of them rooted in society,” said Inegi Vice President Adrián Franco Barrios.
The survey, said Franco Barrios, is intended as groundwork for public policies that advocate non-discrimination and tolerance.